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/*
 * This file is part of the SSH Library
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2011 by Aris Adamantiadis
 *
 * The SSH Library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or (at your
 * option) any later version.
 *
 * The SSH Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
 * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY
 * or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License
 * along with the SSH Library; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to
 * the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston,
 * MA 02111-1307, USA.
 */

#include "config.h"
#include "libssh/session.h"
#include "libssh/ecdh.h"
#include "libssh/dh.h"
#include "libssh/buffer.h"
#include "libssh/ssh2.h"
#include "libssh/pki.h"

#ifdef HAVE_ECDH
#include <openssl/ecdh.h>

#define NISTP256 NID_X9_62_prime256v1
#define NISTP384 NID_secp384r1
#define NISTP521 NID_secp521r1

/** @internal
 * @brief Starts ecdh-sha2-nistp256 key exchange
 */
int ssh_client_ecdh_init(ssh_session session){
  EC_KEY *key;
  const EC_GROUP *group;
  const EC_POINT *pubkey;
  ssh_string client_pubkey;
  int len;
  int rc;
  bignum_CTX ctx = BN_CTX_new();

  rc = buffer_add_u8(session->out_buffer, SSH2_MSG_KEX_ECDH_INIT);
  if (rc < 0) {
      BN_CTX_free(ctx);
      return SSH_ERROR;
  }

  key = EC_KEY_new_by_curve_name(NISTP256);
  if (key == NULL) {
      BN_CTX_free(ctx);
      return SSH_ERROR;
  }
  group = EC_KEY_get0_group(key);

  EC_KEY_generate_key(key);

  pubkey=EC_KEY_get0_public_key(key);
  len = EC_POINT_point2oct(group,pubkey,POINT_CONVERSION_UNCOMPRESSED,
      NULL,0,ctx);

  client_pubkey = ssh_string_new(len);
  if (client_pubkey == NULL) {
      BN_CTX_free(ctx);
      EC_KEY_free(key);
      return SSH_ERROR;
  }

  EC_POINT_point2oct(group,pubkey,POINT_CONVERSION_UNCOMPRESSED,
      ssh_string_data(client_pubkey),len,ctx);
  BN_CTX_free(ctx);

  rc = buffer_add_ssh_string(session->out_buffer,client_pubkey);
  if (rc < 0) {
      EC_KEY_free(key);
      ssh_string_free(client_pubkey);
      return SSH_ERROR;
  }

  session->next_crypto->ecdh_privkey = key;
  session->next_crypto->ecdh_client_pubkey = client_pubkey;

  rc = packet_send(session);

  return rc;
}

static void ecdh_import_pubkey(ssh_session session, ssh_string pubkey_string) {
  session->next_crypto->server_pubkey = pubkey_string;
}

static int ecdh_build_k(ssh_session session) {
  const EC_GROUP *group = EC_KEY_get0_group(session->next_crypto->ecdh_privkey);
  EC_POINT *pubkey;
  void *buffer;
  int rc;
  int len = (EC_GROUP_get_degree(group) + 7) / 8;
  bignum_CTX ctx = bignum_ctx_new();
  if (ctx == NULL) {
    return -1;
  }

  session->next_crypto->k = bignum_new();
  if (session->next_crypto->k == NULL) {
    bignum_ctx_free(ctx);
    return -1;
  }

  pubkey = EC_POINT_new(group);
  if (pubkey == NULL) {
    bignum_ctx_free(ctx);
    return -1;
  }

  if (session->server) {
      rc = EC_POINT_oct2point(group,
                              pubkey,
                              ssh_string_data(session->next_crypto->ecdh_client_pubkey),
                              ssh_string_len(session->next_crypto->ecdh_client_pubkey),
                              ctx);
  } else {
      rc = EC_POINT_oct2point(group,
                              pubkey,
                              ssh_string_data(session->next_crypto->ecdh_server_pubkey),
                              ssh_string_len(session->next_crypto->ecdh_server_pubkey),
                              ctx);
  }
  bignum_ctx_free(ctx);
  if (rc <= 0) {
      EC_POINT_clear_free(pubkey);
      return -1;
  }

  buffer = malloc(len);
  if (buffer == NULL) {
      EC_POINT_clear_free(pubkey);
      return -1;
  }

  rc = ECDH_compute_key(buffer,
                        len,
                        pubkey,
                        session->next_crypto->ecdh_privkey,
                        NULL);
  EC_POINT_clear_free(pubkey);
  if (rc <= 0) {
      free(buffer);
      return -1;
  }

  bignum_bin2bn(buffer, len, session->next_crypto->k);
  free(buffer);

  EC_KEY_free(session->next_crypto->ecdh_privkey);
  session->next_crypto->ecdh_privkey = NULL;

#ifdef DEBUG_CRYPTO
    ssh_print_hexa("Session server cookie",
                   session->next_crypto->server_kex.cookie, 16);
    ssh_print_hexa("Session client cookie",
                   session->next_crypto->client_kex.cookie, 16);
    ssh_print_bignum("Shared secret key", session->next_crypto->k);
#endif

  return 0;
}

/** @internal
 * @brief parses a SSH_MSG_KEX_ECDH_REPLY packet and sends back
 * a SSH_MSG_NEWKEYS
 */
int ssh_client_ecdh_reply(ssh_session session, ssh_buffer packet){
  ssh_string q_s_string = NULL;
  ssh_string pubkey = NULL;
  ssh_string signature = NULL;
  int rc;
  pubkey = buffer_get_ssh_string(packet);
  if (pubkey == NULL){
    ssh_set_error(session,SSH_FATAL, "No public key in packet");
    goto error;
  }
  ecdh_import_pubkey(session, pubkey);

  q_s_string = buffer_get_ssh_string(packet);
  if (q_s_string == NULL) {
    ssh_set_error(session,SSH_FATAL, "No Q_S ECC point in packet");
    goto error;
  }
  session->next_crypto->ecdh_server_pubkey = q_s_string;
  signature = buffer_get_ssh_string(packet);
  if (signature == NULL) {
    ssh_set_error(session, SSH_FATAL, "No signature in packet");
    goto error;
  }
  session->next_crypto->dh_server_signature = signature;
  signature=NULL; /* ownership changed */
  /* TODO: verify signature now instead of waiting for NEWKEYS */
  if (ecdh_build_k(session) < 0) {
    ssh_set_error(session, SSH_FATAL, "Cannot build k number");
    goto error;
  }

  /* Send the MSG_NEWKEYS */
  if (buffer_add_u8(session->out_buffer, SSH2_MSG_NEWKEYS) < 0) {
    goto error;
  }

  rc=packet_send(session);
  SSH_LOG(SSH_LOG_PROTOCOL, "SSH_MSG_NEWKEYS sent");
  return rc;
error:
  return SSH_ERROR;
}

#ifdef WITH_SERVER

/** @brief Parse a SSH_MSG_KEXDH_INIT packet (server) and send a
 * SSH_MSG_KEXDH_REPLY
 */

int ssh_server_ecdh_init(ssh_session session, ssh_buffer packet){
    /* ECDH keys */
    ssh_string q_c_string;
    ssh_string q_s_string;
    EC_KEY *ecdh_key;
    const EC_GROUP *group;
    const EC_POINT *ecdh_pubkey;
    bignum_CTX ctx;
    /* SSH host keys (rsa,dsa,ecdsa) */
    ssh_key privkey;
    ssh_string sig_blob = NULL;
    int len;
    int rc;

    /* Extract the client pubkey from the init packet */
    q_c_string = buffer_get_ssh_string(packet);
    if (q_c_string == NULL) {
        ssh_set_error(session,SSH_FATAL, "No Q_C ECC point in packet");
        return SSH_ERROR;
    }
    session->next_crypto->ecdh_client_pubkey = q_c_string;

    /* Build server's keypair */

    ctx = BN_CTX_new();
    ecdh_key = EC_KEY_new_by_curve_name(NISTP256);
    if (ecdh_key == NULL) {
        ssh_set_error_oom(session);
        BN_CTX_free(ctx);
        return SSH_ERROR;
    }

    group = EC_KEY_get0_group(ecdh_key);
    EC_KEY_generate_key(ecdh_key);

    ecdh_pubkey = EC_KEY_get0_public_key(ecdh_key);
    len = EC_POINT_point2oct(group,
                             ecdh_pubkey,
                             POINT_CONVERSION_UNCOMPRESSED,
                             NULL,
                             0,
                             ctx);

    q_s_string = ssh_string_new(len);
    if (q_s_string == NULL) {
        EC_KEY_free(ecdh_key);
        BN_CTX_free(ctx);
        return SSH_ERROR;
    }

    EC_POINT_point2oct(group,
                       ecdh_pubkey,
                       POINT_CONVERSION_UNCOMPRESSED,
                       ssh_string_data(q_s_string),
                       len,
                       ctx);
    BN_CTX_free(ctx);

    session->next_crypto->ecdh_privkey = ecdh_key;
    session->next_crypto->ecdh_server_pubkey = q_s_string;

    rc = buffer_add_u8(session->out_buffer, SSH2_MSG_KEXDH_REPLY);
    if (rc < 0) {
        ssh_set_error_oom(session);
        return SSH_ERROR;
    }

    /* build k and session_id */
    rc = ecdh_build_k(session);
    if (rc < 0) {
        ssh_set_error(session, SSH_FATAL, "Cannot build k number");
        return SSH_ERROR;
    }

    /* privkey is not allocated */
    rc = ssh_get_key_params(session, &privkey);
    if (rc == SSH_ERROR) {
        return SSH_ERROR;
    }

    rc = make_sessionid(session);
    if (rc != SSH_OK) {
        ssh_set_error(session, SSH_FATAL, "Could not create a session id");
        return SSH_ERROR;
    }

    /* add host's public key */
    rc = buffer_add_ssh_string(session->out_buffer,
                               session->next_crypto->server_pubkey);
    if (rc < 0) {
        ssh_set_error_oom(session);
        return SSH_ERROR;
    }

    /* add ecdh public key */
    rc = buffer_add_ssh_string(session->out_buffer, q_s_string);
    if (rc < 0) {
        ssh_set_error_oom(session);
        return SSH_ERROR;
    }
    /* add signature blob */
    sig_blob = ssh_srv_pki_do_sign_sessionid(session, privkey);
    if (sig_blob == NULL) {
        ssh_set_error(session, SSH_FATAL, "Could not sign the session id");
        return SSH_ERROR;
    }

    rc = buffer_add_ssh_string(session->out_buffer, sig_blob);
    ssh_string_free(sig_blob);
    if (rc < 0) {
        ssh_set_error_oom(session);
        return SSH_ERROR;
    }

    SSH_LOG(SSH_LOG_PROTOCOL, "SSH_MSG_KEXDH_REPLY sent");
    rc = packet_send(session);
    if (rc == SSH_ERROR) {
        return SSH_ERROR;
    }

    /* Send the MSG_NEWKEYS */
    rc = buffer_add_u8(session->out_buffer, SSH2_MSG_NEWKEYS);
    if (rc < 0) {
        return SSH_ERROR;;
    }

    session->dh_handshake_state = DH_STATE_NEWKEYS_SENT;
    rc = packet_send(session);
    SSH_LOG(SSH_LOG_PROTOCOL, "SSH_MSG_NEWKEYS sent");

    return rc;
}

#endif /* WITH_SERVER */

#endif /* HAVE_ECDH */